Sabtu, 30 Maret 2013

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH


Pengertian

Direct speech adalah kalimat yang mengungkapan atau mengatakan secara langsung tentang apa yang telah orang lain katakan.
Contoh                  : Dina said, “I am fine.”

Indirect speech adalah kalimat yang mengungkapan atau mengatakan kembali secara tidak langsung tentang apa yang telah orang lain katakan.
Contoh                  : Dina said that she was fine

Perkataan atau Ungkapan tersebut dapat berupa :
·         Statement ( Pernyataan )
·         Command ( Peintah / Permintaan )
·         Question ( Pertanyaan )


Perubahan Tensis

NO.
DIRECT SPEECH
INDIRECT SPEECH
1.
Simple present
Simple Past
2.
Simple Past
Past Perfect
3.
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
4.
Present Continuous
Past Continuous
5.
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
6.
Simple Future
Past Future

 

 Perubahan Kata Kerja Bantu:

DIRECT SPEECH
INDIRECT SPEECH
Am, Is, Are
Was / Were
Shall / Will
Should / Would
Can
Could
May
Might
Must
Had to
Have to / Has to
Had to
Ought to
Had to

 
 
Perubahan Keterangan Waktu & Tempat :

DIRECT
INDIRECT
Now
Then
Tomorrow
The Following Day
Next Week
The Following Week
Tonight
That Night
Today
That Day
Yesterday
The Day Before
Last Night
The Night Before
Last Week
The Week Before
Here
There
This
That
These
Those


CONTOH DIRECT AND INDIRECT

Direct Speech

1.     Simple present :
She said, “I go to library every Monday.”
2.    Simple past :
she said, “ I went to school every day.”
3.    Present perfect
They says, “we have done our homework.”
4.    Present Continuous
My brother says, “I am watching TV every night.”
5.    Present Perfect Continuous
She said, “I have been reading a book since ten o’clock this morning.”
6.    Simple Future
They said, “we will go to beach next week.”

Indirect Speech

1.     Simple past
She said that she went to library every Monday.
2.    Past perfect
She said that she had gone to school when her father came.
3.    Past perfect
They said that they had done their homework when I came.
4.    Past Continuous
My brother said that he was watching TV last night.
5.    Past perfect continuous
She said that she had been reading a book last morning.
6.    Past Future
     They said that they would go to beach last week.

Tidak ada komentar:

Poskan Komentar